2022), says adaptation is “reducing climate risk and vulnerability primarily through adjustment of existing systems” (p.22). This includes adaptation measures addressing water scarcity and food production, health and well-being, including mental health, and cities and infrastructure.
Climate change adaptation should also be integrated into education to prepare learners to adapt to and live with climate change, thereby minimizing negative impacts while anticipating future changes. Education on adaptation to climate change should be a lifelong learning process that equips learners with the practical knowledge, skills, values and attitudes needed to live in the new climate realities as well as the socio-emotional resilience to cope with possible climate anxiety. It is strongly linked to resilience thinking that learners are able to have “not only the ability to maintain essential function, identity and structure, but also the capacity for transformation” and to value “diverse forms of knowledge such as scientific, as well as indigenous and local knowledge to understand and assess climate change adaptation processes and actions (IPCC, 2022, p.9).